Plan for good lighting design
Lighting can be your highest business energy cost – and your greatest opportunity for savings. Reducing heat output from your lighting can also reduce your air conditioning costs. Without proper lighting, productivity, safety, security and overall aesthetics can be compromised. Good lighting design contributes to employee comfort and health, which in turn can result in greater productivity.
Consult with a member of our Alliance of Energy Professionals for advice in planning an energy-efficient design geared to your building and your needs. Consult with your employees about comfortable lighting levels.
- Turn off lights when not in use
- Use task lighting when appropriate
- Replace lamps before they lose effectiveness
- Remove lamps that are not needed
- Retrofit your old lighting system to save energy and improve lighting quality
- Use high-pressure sodium or metal halide lamps for exterior lighting
- Use LEDs (light emitting diodes) for exit signs
- Switch to LED holiday lights
- Use compact fluorescent lamps
- Only light occupied areas of your building during cleaning
- Improve interior surfaces' reflectance
- Use timers or photocells for outdoor security and parking area lighting
- Install dual switches and dimmers
- Adjust lighting levels to match needs at different times
- Label electrical switches
- Use motion detectors and lighting reflectors
- Clean and inspect your lighting systems regularly
- How energy management programs can help
- Lights should be turned off whenever an area is unoccupied, including unused common areas such as copy rooms, break rooms, conference rooms and restrooms.
- If your lights can be controlled separately, turn off lights whenever there is enough natural light.
- Post reminders next to light switches or install occupancy sensors to keep lights off in unused areas. Occupancy sensors turn off lights automatically when space is unoccupied saving about 25% of the lighting energy.
Instead of using ceiling fixtures that light entire rooms, use compact fluorescent task lighting.
The light output of a fluorescent lamp decreases as it ages, yet the same amount of energy is consumed to produce this lower level of light.
To eliminate this inefficiency, consider group relamping or replacing all the lamps in an area at the same time and near the end of their useful life. In doing so, you can:
- Cut replacement labour costs
- Reduce work interruptions
- Ensure and maintain proper light levels
If your lighting system is more than 10 or 15 years old, consider an updated lighting design. See BC Hydro's Alliance of Energy Professionals (formerly known as Power Smart Alliance) for more information on how we can assist you.
Many lighting systems are over-designed, providing too much light for the task. This is inefficient and can make the working space uncomfortable. In some cases, lamps or whole lighting fixtures can be removed or retrofitted without creating lighting problems (de-lamping), although this may create uneven lighting in the working environment.
Consult a lighting professional for advice before embarking on a removal or retrofit project. This will ensure that the resulting lighting level will meet Workers' Compensation Board standards and provide optimal comfort.
New technologies in incandescent and fluorescent lamp manufacturing are being implemented throughout North America to reduce energy consumption and improve lighting quality, at costs comparable to standard technologies.
Halogen lamps: In accent lighting applications, replace incandescent lamps with line voltage (PAR type) or low voltage (MR16 type) halogen lamps. They last longer, consume less energy and add more light reflection with greater sharpness.
T8 fluorescent lamps: Replace your existing T12 fluorescent lamps and magnetic ballasts with T8 fluorescent lamps and electronic ballasts. They reduce up to 40% of the energy costs, lower maintenance costs, increase the system's life and improve the quality of light.
Replace outdoor incandescent or mercury vapour lamps with high-pressure sodium or metal halide lamps. This can save up to 74% of energy use while providing similar light output.
Very bright light sources can cause glare. Unless bright sources can be effectively shielded, a greater number of low-wattage lights usually create a better visual environment than a few higher-wattage lights.
If your lighting application requires fast start and re-strike (lights can be turned on again quickly after being turned off), consider using metal halide lamps with Pulse Start technology. These new lamps consume up to 20% less energy, last longer and can start and re-strike in 1-3 minutes-twice faster than the normal metal halide lamps.
LEDs are currently used for indicator lights and numeric displays on electronic devices. They are also becoming the standard for illuminating exit signs.
This is because new LED exit signs or retrofit kits consume 1-3 watts a fraction of the energy used by incandescent-based signs-and last about 100,000 hours. LEDs can also be inserted in the same sockets as incandescent lamps.
British Columbia is a world leader in the adoption of LED holiday lights, which provide brilliant colours along with the practicality of major energy savings and longer bulb life.
One example of a successful conversion is the Vancouver Park Board's switch to LED lights for the grove of trees overlooking English Bay on Beach Avenue at Bidwell Street. The switch to 12,750 LED orbs reduced holiday season consumption from the former 20,400 kWh with incandescent strings on the six elm trees, to just 2,650 kWh with LED holiday light strings.
Replace incandescent lamps in exit signs, pot lights and general lighting fixtures with compact fluorescent lamps. These lamps use 72% less energy while lasting 10 times longer, considerably reducing maintenance costs.
Many models of compact fluorescent lamps come in a compact self-ballasted unit, complete with screw-in base, ideal for easily replacing incandescent light bulbs in residential and commercial applications.
Ask janitorial services to light only one area of the building at a time while cleaning rather than having the entire building unnecessarily lit. Also, ask janitorial staff to take advantage of partial switching (such as turning on only one lamp of a three lamp fixture) to further reduce energy use during building cleaning.
Consider painting walls, floors and ceilings with lighter colours to improve the reflectance values and lighting efficiency and thereby reduce the lighting electrical load.
Timers and photocell sensors automatically turn on outdoor lights at dusk and off at dawn (be sure to adjust timers for daylight savings time). Astronomical timers, which make seasonal adjustments, are also widely available. Photocells activate exterior lighting to ensure that high wattage "outside lamps" are not accidentally left on during the day. Photocells are better than timers as they are not affected by power failures.
Consider dual switching (when multiple switches control the same light) in some rooms and installing dimming controls. This will enable lights to adjust to lower levels when rooms are not in use or when tasks at hand differ. Dimmers can be local, centralized or even wireless controlled. Incandescent dimmers start at a very low price while fluorescent and compact fluorescent dimmers are more costly. Ask a BC Hydro representative, an electrician, your vendor or a lighting professional for details.
Before and after "public" hours, use lighting according to need. Full lighting may not be necessary; have just enough light for employees to do jobs such as cleaning or restocking shelves.
If you can control lights with a bank of switches, you may be able to turn off up to half of the lights and save considerable energy. Even if you have to rewire the lighting system to permit partial lighting, the payback from energy savings and increased lamp life may make the investment worthwhile.
Simple labeling systems for electrical switches and panels can help increase lighting efficiencies and save about 20% of lighting energy use. These labels identify switches that need to be:
- Left on at all times
- Left on during business hours only
- Left on during occupancy hours only
You may have other equipment that can also be labeled and turned off after hours for additional savings. Ask a BC Hydro representative, an electrician or a lighting professional for details.
For multilevel commercial buildings, consider installing an automatic building management system, which can be programmed to efficiently control your lighting and HVAC load to suit your needs and save energy. See BC Hydro's Alliance of Energy Professionals (formerly known as Power Smart Alliance) for more information.
Motion detectors or digital timers can turn on lights in infrequently used areas such as storerooms. These devices will ensure that lights are turned off when rooms are unoccupied.
Aluminum or silver reflectors in overhead light fixtures require only half the number of lamps to maintain the same level of brightness. In addition, the reduced number of lamps will lower internal heat from lighting. In turn, this will lower air conditioning costs.
Dirt and dust accumulation can reduce light output by 30%. Clean and inspect your lighting systems for surface dents, scratches and burns that can lead to rust formation. Rust can affect the reflectance on the inside surfaces and decrease lamp life.
Improperly selected or over-used cleaning compounds can deteriorate luminaire surfaces. For best results, follow the manufacturer recommendations for each application. Here are some suggestions for cleaning:
Aluminum: Apply very mild soaps and cleaners followed by a thorough rinse with clean water. Never use strong alkaline cleaners.
Silver Film: Apply a 0.5% nonabrasive solution of mild liquid detergent and water using a soft, damp rag. Ultrasonic cleaning machines are ideal for multiple cell louvers.
Enamel: Use detergents, automobile or glass cleaners. Do not use alcohol or abrasive cleaners.
Glass: For lenses, use detergents or nonabrasive cleaners and rinse after. Glass reflectors may be wiped dry.
Plastics: Use anti-static compounds rather than ordinary detergents. Do not wipe plastics dry after application of a rinse solution, as this will form electrostatic charges. Vacuuming is the most effective method of drying plastics.
To help you plan and implement energy management into your business, we offer:
- Useful resources for understanding lighting system technologies and areas for optimization.
- Generous funding to help your organization improve your lighting system.
Alliance of Energy Professionals (formerly Power Smart Alliance)
Our network of contractors can help you identify lighting opportunities and guide you through the process to obtain Power Smart Incentives.
Programs and incentives
Business energy-saving incentives (formerly Power Smart Express)
- Since 2010, we have been helping B.C. businesses reduce their operating costs through the implementation of energy-efficiency projects. Whether you run a small family business or a large property management firm, we have incentives that can help cover up to 75% of the cost of your project.
- Eligibility: For industrial customers who use more than 500 megawatt-hours of electricity per year (that's about $25,000).
- Power Smart’s online application process makes it quick and easy to apply for incentives.
- Receive funding of up to 75% for your lighting retrofits.
- Eligibility: For customers who use more than one gigawatt-hour of electricity per year (that's about $50,000).
- Get a fast return on your investment with incentives and ongoing energy savings.
- We offer up to 75% of your upgrade costs. Incentive level and limits vary depending on your billing rate class (distribution vs. transmission).
- Eligibility: For customers who use more than four gigawatt-hours of electricity per year (that's about $200,000).
- An energy expert will closely analyze more efficient alternatives for lighting your facility.
- This study will provide the cost/benefit details you need to make strategic decisions.
- Power Smart offers up to 100% funding.